Matthew 5 - 7

The American Standard Version

5:1 And seeing the multitudes, he went up into the mountain: and when he had sat down, his disciples came unto him:

5:2 and he opened his mouth and taught them, saying,

5:3 Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

5:4 Blessed are they that mourn: for they shall be comforted.

5:5 Blessed are the meek: for they shall inherit the earth.

5:6 Blessed are they that hunger and thirst after righteousness: for they shall be filled.

5:7 Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy.

5:8 Blessed are the pure in heart: for they shall see God.

5:9 Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called sons of God.

5:10 Blessed are they that have been persecuted for righteousness’ sake: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

5:11 Blessed are ye when men shall reproach you, and persecute you, and say all manner of evil against you falsely, for my sake.

5:12 Rejoice, and be exceeding glad: for great is your reward in heaven: for so persecuted they the prophets that were before you.

5:13 Ye are the salt of the earth: but if the salt have lost its savor, wherewith shall it be salted? it is thenceforth good for nothing, but to be cast out and trodden under foot of men.

5:14 Ye are the light of the world. A city set on a hill cannot be hid.

5:15 Neither do men light a lamp, and put it under the bushel, but on the stand; and it shineth unto all that are in the house.

5:16 Even so let your light shine before men; that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father who is in heaven.

5:17 Think not that I came to destroy the law or the prophets: I came not to destroy, but to fulfil.

5:18 For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass away, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass away from the law, till all things be accomplished.

5:19 Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.

5:20 For I say unto you, that except your righteousness shall exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no wise enter into the kingdom of heaven.

5:21 Ye have heard that it was said to them of old time, Thou shalt not kill; and whosoever shall kill shall be in danger of the judgment:

5:22 but I say unto you, that every one who is angry with his brother shall be in danger of the judgment; and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council; and whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of the hell of fire.

5:23 If therefore thou art offering thy gift at the altar, and there rememberest that thy brother hath aught against thee,

5:24 leave there thy gift before the altar, and go thy way, first be reconciled to thy brother, and then come and offer thy gift.

5:25 Agree with thine adversary quickly, while thou art with him in the way; lest haply the adversary deliver thee to the judge, and the judge deliver thee to the officer, and thou be cast into prison.

5:26 Verily I say unto thee, thou shalt by no means come out thence, till thou have paid the last farthing.

5:27 Ye have heard that it was said, Thou shalt not commit adultery:

5:28 but I say unto you, that every one that looketh on a woman to lust after her hath committed adultery with her already in his heart.

5:29 And if thy right eye causeth thee to stumble, pluck it out, and cast it from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not thy whole body be cast into hell.

5:30 And if thy right hand causeth thee to stumble, cut it off, and cast it from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not thy whole body go into hell.

5:31 It was said also, Whosoever shall put away his wife, let him give her a writing of divorcement:

5:32 but I say unto you, that every one that putteth away his wife, saving for the cause of fornication, maketh her an adulteress: and whosoever shall marry her when she is put away committeth adultery.

5:33 Again, ye have heard that it was said to them of old time, Thou shalt not forswear thyself, but shalt perform unto the Lord thine oaths:

5:34 but I say unto you, swear not at all; neither by the heaven, for it is the throne of God;

5:35 nor by the earth, for it is the footstool of his feet; nor by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great King.

5:36 Neither shalt thou swear by thy head, for thou canst not make one hair white or black.

5:37 But let your speech be, Yea, yea; Nay, nay: and whatsoever is more than these is of the evil one.

5:38 Ye have heard that it was said, An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth:

5:39 but I say unto you, resist not him that is evil: but whosoever smiteth thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also.

5:40 And if any man would go to law with thee, and take away thy coat, let him have thy cloak also.

5:41 And whosoever shall compel thee to go one mile, go with him two.

5:42 Give to him that asketh thee, and from him that would borrow of thee turn not thou away.

5:43 Ye have heard that it was said, Thou shalt love thy neighbor, and hate thine enemy:

5:44 but I say unto you, love your enemies, and pray for them that persecute you;

5:45 that ye may be sons of your Father who is in heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sendeth rain on the just and the unjust.

5:46 For if ye love them that love you, what reward have ye? do not even the publicans the same?

5:47 And if ye salute your brethren only, what do ye more than others? do not even the Gentiles the same?

5:48 Ye therefore shall be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect.

6:1 Take heed that ye do not your righteousness before men, to be seen of them: else ye have no reward with your Father who is in heaven.

6:2 When therefore thou doest alms, sound not a trumpet before thee, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, that they may have glory of men. Verily I say unto you, They have received their reward.

6:3 But when thou doest alms, let not thy left hand know what thy right hand doeth:

6:4 that thine alms may be in secret: and thy Father who seeth in secret shall recompense thee.

6:5 And when ye pray, ye shall not be as the hypocrites: for they love to stand and pray in the synagogues and in the corners of the streets, that they may be seen of men. Verily I say unto you, They have received their reward.

6:6 But thou, when thou prayest, enter into thine inner chamber, and having shut thy door, pray to thy Father who is in secret, and thy Father who seeth in secret shall recompense thee.

6:7 And in praying use not vain repetitions, as the Gentiles do: for they think that they shall be heard for their much speaking.

6:8 Be not therefore like unto them: for your Father knoweth what things ye have need of, before ye ask him.

6:9 After this manner therefore pray ye. Our Father who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name.

6:10 Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done, as in heaven, so on earth.

6:11 Give us this day our daily bread.

6:12 And forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors.

6:13 And bring us not into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one.

6:14 For if ye forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you.

6:15 But if ye forgive not men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses.

6:16 Moreover when ye fast, be not, as the hypocrites, of a sad countenance: for they disfigure their faces, that they may be seen of men to fast. Verily I say unto you, They have received their reward.

6:17 But thou, when thou fastest, anoint thy head, and wash thy face;

6:18 that thou be not seen of men to fast, but of thy Father who is in secret: and thy Father, who seeth in secret, shall recompense thee.

6:19 Lay not up for yourselves treasures upon the earth, where moth and rust consume, and where thieves break through and steal:

6:20 but lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust doth consume, and where thieves do not break through nor steal:

6:21 for where thy treasure is, there will thy heart be also.

6:22 The lamp of the body is the eye: if therefore thine eye be single, thy whole body shall be full of light.

6:23 But if thine eye be evil, thy whole body shall be full of darkness. If therefore the light that is in thee be darkness, how great is the darkness!

6:24 No man can serve two masters; for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon.

6:25 Therefore I say unto you, be not anxious for your life, what ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink; nor yet for your body, what ye shall put on. Is not the life more than the food, and the body than the raiment?

6:26 Behold the birds of the heaven, that they sow not, neither do they reap, nor gather into barns; and your heavenly Father feedeth them. Are not ye of much more value then they?

6:27 And which of you by being anxious can add one cubit unto the measure of his life?

6:28 And why are ye anxious concerning raiment? Consider the lilies of the field, how they grow; they toil not, neither do they spin:

6:29 yet I say unto you, that even Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of these.

6:30 But if God doth so clothe the grass of the field, which to-day is, and to-morrow is cast into the oven, shall he not much more clothe you, O ye of little faith?

6:31 Be not therefore anxious, saying, What shall we eat? or, What shall we drink? or, Wherewithal shall we be clothed?

6:32 For after all these things do the Gentiles seek; for your heavenly Father knoweth that ye have need of all these things.

6:33 But seek ye first his kingdom, and his righteousness; and all these things shall be added unto you.

6:34 Be not therefore anxious for the morrow: for the morrow will be anxious for itself. Sufficient unto the day is the evil thereof.

7:1 Judge not, that ye be not judged.

7:2 For with what judgment ye judge, ye shall be judged: and with what measure ye mete, it shall be measured unto you.

7:3 And why beholdest thou the mote that is in thy brother’s eye, but considerest not the beam that is in thine own eye?

7:4 Or how wilt thou say to thy brother, Let me cast out the mote out of thine eye; and lo, the beam is in thine own eye?

7:5 Thou hypocrite, cast out first the beam out of thine own eye; and then shalt thou see clearly to cast out the mote out of thy brother’s eye.

7:6 Give not that which is holy unto the dogs, neither cast your pearls before the swine, lest haply they trample them under their feet, and turn and rend you.

7:7 Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you:

7:8 for every one that asketh receiveth; and he that seeketh findeth; and to him that knocketh it shall be opened.

7:9 Or what man is there of you, who, if his son shall ask him for a loaf, will give him a stone;

7:10 or if he shall ask for a fish, will give him a serpent?

7:11 If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children, how much more shall your Father who is in heaven give good things to them that ask him?

7:12 All things therefore whatsoever ye would that men should do unto you, even so do ye also unto them: for this is the law and the prophets.

7:13 Enter ye in by the narrow gate: for wide is the gate, and broad is the way, that leadeth to destruction, and many are they that enter in thereby.

7:14 For narrow is the gate, and straitened the way, that leadeth unto life, and few are they that find it.

7:15 Beware of false prophets, who come to you in sheep’s clothing, but inwardly are ravening wolves.

7:16 By their fruits ye shall know them. Do men gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles?

7:17 Even so every good tree bringeth forth good fruit; but the corrupt tree bringeth forth evil fruit.

7:18 A good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit, neither can a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit.

7:19 Every tree that bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire.

7:20 Therefore by their fruits ye shall know them.

7:21 Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father who is in heaven.

7:22 Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy by thy name, and by thy name cast out demons, and by thy name do many mighty works?

7:23 And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you: depart from me, ye that work iniquity.

7:24 Every one therefore that heareth these words of mine, and doeth them, shall be likened unto a wise man, who built his house upon the rock:

7:25 and the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and if fell not: for it was founded upon the rock.

7:26 And every one that heareth these words of mine, and doeth them not, shall be likened unto a foolish man, who built his house upon the sand:

7:27 and the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and smote upon that house; and it fell: and great was the fall thereof.

7:28 And it came to pass, when Jesus had finished these words, the multitudes were astonished at his teaching:

7:29 for he taught them as one having authority, and not as their scribes.

Pathways Notes

Study Instructions for Each Echelon

Matthew 5-7, commonly known as the Sermon on the Mount, is one of the most comprehensive expositions by Jesus on how to live a life that is pleasing to God and transformative in its ethical rigor. It begins with the Beatitudes, blessings pronounced on those who embody certain virtues, setting a foundation for Christian character. The sermon covers a wide range of subjects, including the law, anger, lust, divorce, oaths, retaliation, love for enemies, giving, prayer, fasting, wealth, worry, judgment, and effective spiritual practice. For those interested in self-help and self-control, this sermon is crucial as it not only presents ideals but also practical guidance on managing emotions, relationships, and personal integrity. The teachings challenge readers to rise above conventional moral behavior, urging a heart-based transformation that aligns with the kingdom of heaven.

Study Instructions for Each Echelon

  • Echelon 1: Enthusiast - Christ's Teachings on How to Live a Life That Reflects the Kingdom of Heaven

    • Read: Focus on absorbing the Beatitudes in Matthew 5:1-12 as foundational attitudes for Christian living.

    • Reflect: Pay close attention to Jesus’ teachings on anger management (Matthew 5:21-26), loving enemies (Matthew 5:43-48), and sincerity (Matthew 5:33-37). Consider how these teachings can transform your approach to emotions and interpersonal conflicts.

    • Apply: Try to apply one teaching each week to your life. For instance, practice responding to provocation with patience rather than anger, and observe how this affects your internal and external reactions.

  • Echelon 2: Explorer - The Beatitudes and Ethical Teachings of Christ as a Framework for Emotional Responses

    • Read: Dive deeper into the Sermon on the Mount with a focus on understanding the ethical commands beyond the Beatitudes.

    • Analyze: Examine the teachings on anger (Matthew 5:21-26), retaliation (Matthew 5:38-42), and love for enemies (Matthew 5:43-48). Analyze how these teachings challenge typical human reactions and promote a higher standard of emotional control.

    • Reflect: Consider how the call to sincerity in Matthew 6:1-18 can align with your internal dialogue. Reflect on your motives and honesty in daily interactions and spiritual practices.

  • Echelon 4: Emissary - Teaching the Sermon on the Mount

    • Read: Review the entire Sermon on the Mount, focusing on its comprehensive approach to Christian ethics.

    • Teach: Prepare to teach these principles to others. Develop lesson plans or discussion groups that help others explore these deep teachings.

    • Engage: Lead by example. Show how the Beatitudes can be lived out in real life and encourage others to apply Jesus' teachings on prayer (Matthew 6:5-15), forgiveness, and trust in God (Matthew 6:25-34) in their personal and communal lives.

  • Echelon 5: Master - The Epitome of Christian Ethics

    • Read: Repeatedly study Matthew 5-7 to fully grasp the depth and breadth of the teachings.

    • Review: Focus on integrating these teachings into a cohesive framework for personal and community ethics.

    • Lead: Use this sermon as the basis for mentoring and leading others. Help them see the radical nature of Jesus' teachings and how they can lead to profound personal and social transformation. Discuss the higher call to righteousness and how it applies to modern challenges.

By following these instructions, participants in each echelon can gain a deeper understanding of how Jesus' teachings in the Sermon on the Mount directly relate to personal development, emotional intelligence, and ethical living, providing a robust foundation for their journey in self-mastery and spiritual growth.

Matthew 5 - 7 Notes:
In the Sermon on the Mount, presented in Matthew 5 through 7, Jesus articulates the core tenets of Christian discipleship, laying out an ethical and spiritual framework that challenges both the external adherence to law and the internal attitudes of the heart. Set against the backdrop of a mountainside, this sermon is one of the most comprehensive recordings of Jesus’ teachings, encapsulating his revolutionary message of transformation and righteousness.

Jesus begins with the Beatitudes, a series of blessings pronounced on those who embody the characteristics of the kingdom of heaven—such as the poor in spirit, the meek, and the peacemakers. These pronouncements flip societal expectations, suggesting that true blessedness doesn’t come from power or material wealth, but from a life deeply aligned with spiritual values.

As the sermon unfolds, Jesus expands on the Law of Moses, not to abolish it but to fulfill it, deepening its meaning. He addresses specific commandments, such as those against murder and adultery, and extends them to include wrongful anger and lustful intent, thus emphasizing the importance of purity in thought as well as in deed. This approach invites his followers to a higher standard of integrity and internal discipline.

Jesus also teaches about the acts of righteousness, like giving to the needy, praying, and fasting, insisting that these should not be done for public approval but should be private expressions of a genuine relationship with God. The Lord's Prayer is introduced here as a model of devout prayer, focusing on God’s kingdom, daily provision, forgiveness, and deliverance from evil.

The sermon further covers the topics of material anxiety and judgmental attitudes. Jesus encourages reliance on God’s provision, counseling against the anxiety over food and clothing. He calls for a compassionate disposition towards others, famously stating, "Do not judge, or you too will be judged."

Toward the conclusion, Jesus presents vivid imagery and metaphors to cement his teachings: the narrow and wide gates representing paths to life or destruction, the good tree producing good fruit as a metaphor for true discipleship, and the wise and foolish builders illustrating the importance of putting his words into practice.

The Sermon on the Mount concludes with a stark choice presented to every listener: to choose between mere hearing and doing. Jesus emphasizes that true wisdom is shown by those who hear his words and act on them, likened to a wise man who built his house on the rock, standing firm despite the storms.

This sermon, therefore, is not merely a collection of ethical instructions but a call to spiritual renewal and sincere faithfulness. It presents a radical reorientation of heart and mind that defines the life of a follower of Christ, marked by mercy, purity, and a pursuit of peace.